Mälksoo, Maria (2022) Ritual Deterrence, interview to IR101 Initiative Podcast  

Mälksoo, Maria (2021) Ritual Reverence to Deterrence in Cyberspace. Directions: Cyber Digital Europe Blog, https://directionsblog.eu/ritual-reverence-to-deterrence-in-cyberspace/

The efficacy of deterrence as a method of conflict management is highly disputed. Yet, deterrence persists as a go-to security strategy and is flourishing in the spheres of cyber and information warfare. The EU is now embracing deterrence and its political appeal to advance its cybersecurity posture. But the prudence of this move remains unproven, and it is counterintuitive to the EU’s ambitions as a positive and pacifying force in cyberspace.